Local lords Samanids managed to unite most of Central Asia and to form political independence from the Caliphate State. During the IX-X centuries. intensive development of the city. They are involved in global trade, especially those who were on the caravan routes from West Asia to the Far East and India. brick enriched patterns of the same brick or figuratively vytisanogo. The Art of a masonry was sometimes unique, such as on the facade and interior of the mausoleum Samanid IX-X centuries. in . By the beginning of xi century Turkic nomadic tribes conquered the empire Samanid and created two states: with its capital in and Seljuk with its capital at Merv.
In XI-XII centuries. Cities of Central Asia more developed economically, grow geographically and build numerous buildings. The focus of urban life bazaars, where reigned a special excitement. Built special trade construction – dome "still" and "timy" (passages). Near them located caravanserai, warehouses, baths and mosques.
Near the mosque minarets tower construction, with the upper platform which resounded with the call to prayer – "azan". From IX-X centuries. widespread mausoleums, which were built over the tombs of famous spiritual and secular parties. These monumental buildings sway in the urban development of the raw small apartment buildings with flat roofs, windows and doors facing into the inner courtyard. Application of the monumental structures of brick construction led to further progress. The strength of the building, many of whom survived the earthquake, the onslaught of time, the Mongol invasion, indicative of a high architectural culture.