St. Petersburg Summer Garden
Summer Garden in St. Petersburg, the first time in its two hundred year history was closed for an extensive restoration. Summer Garden laid out in 1704 on the orders of Peter I and the plan at his summer residence. Works of prominent Western and Russian masters architecture and garden art (J.-B.Leblon, M. Zemtsov, Rastrelli, J. Rooz, I.
Surmin) was established the first regular garden, which became a model of landscape art. Splendor and solemnity of the Summer Garden gave characteristic elements of French style: Hall Groat resembling a cave decorated with travertine and exotic sea shells, a maze, greenhouses, gazebos, aviaries and aviary. Jet numerous fountains stressed showiness of marble and gilded statues. Floods in 1777 and 1824 completely destroyed Peter's "venture". Over three centuries changing tastes and fashions changed, and shape of the Summer Garden. At the moment of the past glory Summer Garden recalls, above all, a unique collection of marble sculptures of the Italian xviii century. Preserved and incorporated in 1710 to the design of Trezzini Summer Palace of Peter I – one of the first stone buildings in St.
Petersburg. A true symbol of the city became the garden fence by the Neva, established in 1784 by architect Y. Felten. In 1826, on-site Grotto, which was destroyed by flood, Rossi built the Coffee House. Teahouse and iron grating facing the Sink, appeared in the garden in 1827 by architect L. Charlemagne. In 1832, the Summer Garden is set elvdalenskogo porphyry vase – a gift to the Swedish king, and in 1855 a monument was unveiled fabulist Krylov sculptor P. Klodt. Once in 1716, was dug Swan channel (or the Swan Canal), the Summer Garden was on the island from the east it is washed by the River, from the south – sink. The territory of the Summer Garden, 11, 7 ha. Since 2003, the Summer Garden transmitted in the introduction of the Russian Museum. General contractor for the restoration of St. Petersburg has become the company profile. It is expected that the Summer Garden will be closed for two to three years. It is planned that work on the restoration will last two stages. In the first stage of mainly planned with greenery of the park, where there is now growing about eighteen hundred trees, nearly 20 species. The second stage will be undertaken for replacing 92 original sculptures adorn the alleys of the park, replicas of the polymer. From the federal budget under the program "Culture of Russia 'in the first place restoration of the Summer Garden planned funding of $ 2.3 billion.