The first trip to Antarctica was made around 1958. An Argentine company was that organized it and was carried out on Board of the ship Les eclaires. Chile did not hesitate to react and soon began to also organize trips to the Antarctic. However, the concept of polar expedition as understood today, grew out of the hand of the Swedish Explorer Lars-Eric Lindblad. Lindblad, on board the Lindblad Explorer, began to organize cruises in 1969. I thought that if people had the opportunity to observe with their own eyes the beauty of the white continent, be they imply more in maintenance of the planet. During the first decade, only a few hundred tourists managed to set foot on Antarctica.
It was from 1990, with the collapse of the Soviet bloc, which travel to Antarctica became more accessible. With the incorporation of the Russian icebreaker, the travel season can extend from October until March, i.e. during austral spring and summer. Incorporate the icebreaker to tourist activity allowed, moreover, increase the number of places where to disembark. Initially only the Weddell Sea and North of the Antarctic Peninsula are visited. Currently most cruise ships have their port of origin in Ushuaia, capital of the Argentine Province of Tierra Fuego (Argentina). However, it is also possible to travel by plane, from Punta Arenas (Chile). In this case, it lands in the South Shetland Islands and from here continue the boat trip.
Trips are carried out aboard rompehielo boats or aboard ships for polar expedition. The language, in the majority of cases, is English. However, even though they are the least, there are also boats whose official language is aboard the Spanish. A Spanish Agency, Tundra Viatges, guaranteed trips to Antarctica with guide in Spanish aboard the Plancius. A novelty that has recently joined the cruise ship in Antarctica is the possibility of adventure activities during the trip. How, for example, diving, kayaking, mountaineering, etc.